Thursday, August 14, 2014

de Borya (Borgia) bloodline

 

Background

The Borjas or Borjas were an Italian noble family of Basque origin remembered today for their corrupt rule of the Papacy during the Renaissance.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Borja, Borja, Boria, Borjen, Borges, Borjas and others.
First found in Zaragoza, in the region of Aragon in Spain. The oldest records of the surname Borja are references to the family Borja de Zaragoza, whose family seat was in the place called Borja, from where they took their name.

Two famous mercenaries Roberto Borja (also called Guiscard which simply means sly and cunning) and Rogelio Borgia are regarded as centrally responsible for protecting the founder of the Roman Cult Pope Gregory VII and assisting the Benevetan prince Zotto (Pope Urban II) in escaping and organising the "First Crusade". They are rarely acknowledged as Borja, instead written now as Norman knights -- an utter absurdity given the Norman knights were mortal enemies of the Italian princes.

The patriarch of the family, Rodrigo Borja, "became a bishop, cardinal and vice-chancellor of the church."
He was later elected Pope, taking the name Alexander VI and kept that position for at least eleven years. Other members of the Borja family were Lucrezia Borja and Cesare Borja, daughter and son of Rodrigo Borja, respectively. Among the many accusations against the Borja family, some are of incest, adultery, murder, and scandal.

Born in Valencia, Spain, Rodrigo Borja is remembered most famously for his role as Pope Alexander VI. His papacy reigned from 1492 to 1503. "He is the most controversial of the secular popes of the Renaissance and one whose surname became a byword for the debased standards of the papacy of that era." Although his father's surname was Lanzol, Rodrigo "assumed his mother's family name of Borja (Borja) on the elevation of his maternal uncle to the papacy as Calixtus III in 1455." Rodrigo Borja studied for a short while at the University of Bologna, and returned to Rome at the age of 25, and was named Cardinal Deacon of S. Nicolo in Carcere.

He successfully moved up through the hierarchy, and by 1476 he was Dean of the College of Cardinals. Using his powerful skill of persuasion and his ability to handle the most difficult matters, he became highly regarded in the Papal Chancery. He is known for being "strictly abstemious in his eating and drinking, keep[ing] a magnificent household and gambling notoriously at cards. He quickly became one of the wealthiest men of his time. And he liked women. In 1468 he was ordained to the priesthood (until then he had been a Cardinal Deacon)."

He had also begun at this time his long term relationship with Vanozza Catanei, who mothered four of his children: Juan, Cesare, Lucrezia, and Jofre.

Only one family lineage still exists. The descendants have spread and there is now a Borja family tree in Mexico, Spain, Italy and possibly The United States. Because it is a direct blood line it is in danger of ceasing. The Family Crest remains in Valencia in the hands of Sr. Antonio Borja.