Sunday, December 21, 2014

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and House of Windsor

Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was the first king the Belgians, from July 21, 1831 to his death in December 1865. He was born Prince Leopold George Christian Frederick of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duke in Saxony, on December 16, 1790. He was the youngest son of Duke Francis Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield (1750–1806) and of Countess Augusta Reuss (1757–1831), and later became a prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha after the territorial swap by his father in Ehrenburg Castle in the Bavarian town of Coburg.

In 1795, at the age of five, Leopold was appointed colonel of the Izmailovski Imperial Regiment in Russia. Seven years later he became a general. When Napoleonic troops occupied the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg in 1806 Leopold went to Paris. Napoleon offered him the position of adjutant, but he refused. Instead he took up a military career in the Imperial Russian cavalry. He campaigned against Napoleon, and distinguished himself at the Battle of Kulm at the head of his cuirassier division. In 1815 Leopold reached the rank of lieutenant-general in the Russian army.

On May 2, 1816, he married Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales, (1796–1817), the only legitimate child of the British Prince Regent (later King George IV of the United Kingdom to whom Nathan Rothschild lent him money to fund wars in the 1820s) and therefore heiress to the British throne. Leopold was created a British field-marshal and knight of the Garter of the Holy Roman Empire. On November 5, 1817, Princess Charlotte gave birth to a stillborn son; she herself died the following day. Had she lived, she would have become Queen of the United Kingdom in 1830 on the death of her father, and Leopold presumably would have been the British Prince Consort instead of King of the Belgians.

Although the Princess died in 1817, Leopold continued to live in England until 1831, when he accepted his election as king of the Belgians, having declined the Greek crown the previous year. He immediately began to strengthen the Belgian Army and, with assistance from France and England, fought off the attacks of William I of The Netherlands, who refused until 1838 to recognize Belgium as an independent kingdom.
He functioned as a principal advisor to his niece, Queen Victoria (reigned 1837–1901), the daughter of his sister Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. On July 2, 1829, Leopold participated in (a private marriage-contract with no religious or public ceremony with the actress Caroline Bauer, created Countess of Montgomery, a cousin of his advisor, Christian Friedrich Freiherr von Stockmar. The marriage reportedly ended in 1831.

In 1830 the people of Greece offered Leopold the Greek crown, but he declined. After Belgium asserted its independence from the Netherlands on October 4 1830, the Belgian National Congress, after considering several other candidates, asked Leopold to become king of the newly formed country. He accepted and became King of the Belgians on June 26, 1831. He swore allegiance to the constitution in the Royal Palace in Brussels on July 21 1831. This day became the Belgian national holiday.

Less than two weeks later, on August 2, the Netherlands invaded Belgium. Skirmishes continued for eight years, but in 1839 the two countries signed a treaty establishing Belgium's independence.
Often referred to as the Nestor of Europe, Leopold was highly influential in European diplomacy and used marriages to strengthen his ties with France, England, and Austria. On August 9, 1832, Leopold married Princess Louise-Marie Therese Charlotte Isabelle of Orleans (April 3, 1812–October 11, 1850), daughter of King Louis-Philippe of France. They had four children:

Louis-Philippe Leopold Victor Ernst of Belgium ( July 24, 1833 - May 16, 1834)
Leopold Louis-Philippe Marie Victor of Belgium (April 9, 1835 - 1909)
Philippe Eugene Ferdinand Marie Clement Baudouin Leopold George of Belgium, Count of Flanders ( March 24, 1837 - November 17, 1905)
Marie-Charlotte Amelie Auguste Victoire Clementine Leopoldine of Belgium (June 7, 1840 - January 19, 1927). She married the Emperor Maximilian of Mexico.

The king also had two sons, Baron Georg von Eppinghoven (1849–1904) and Baron Arthur von Eppinghoven (1852–1940), by a mistress, Arcadia Claret, created Baroness von Eppinghoven (1826–1897).

In 1840 Leopold arranged the marriage of his niece Queen Victoria to his nephew Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, son of his brother Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Leopold's influence declined with the growing power of Napoleon III and of Otto von Bismarck of Prussia
On December 10, 1865, the king died in Laeken. He lies buried in the Royal vault at the Church of Our Lady, Laeken Cemetery, Brussels, Belgium.

The house of Windsor springs from the marriage of Queen Victoria to Prince Albert in 1840. He was the son of the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha in Germany and his name became that used by the British royal family.

A bit of a mouthful, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha turned out not to be Albert's real surname, which was Wettin, the name of another aristocratic German dynasty.

It was only in 1917 that George V, worried by the anti-German feeling caused by the first world war, ordered the royal family to scrap Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Wettin for Windsor.

Matters are still not that simple. The name of the royal house is Windsor, but the surname of the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh [Prince Philip] is Mountbatten-Windsor. The duke is also from the house of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg and so, arguably, are his heirs.
However, more embarrassing than names the length of a bus are the family's links to Nazi Germany. The duke is Greek and some of his relatives sympathised with the Nazis; others joined them.
One brother-in-law, Prince Christoph of Hesse, was a member of the SS and flew fighters that attacked allied troops in Italy. In fact, so many of Philip's relatives had Nazi links that when he married Princess Elizabeth he was severely limited on the guests he could invite.

Like most of the British aristocracy in the 1930s, George VI and his wife, the late Queen Motherhoped to avoid war with Germany. The king sent birthday greetings to Hitler weeks before Germany invaded Poland.

More notoriously, his brother, the former King Edward VIII, who became the Duke of Windsor after abdicating in 1936, was sympathetic towards Hitler. Even in 1970 he told one interviewer: "I never thought Hitler was such a bad chap."

The duke and his wife, Wallis Simpson, had visited Germany in 1937 and were taken to meet the F├╝hrer. When they left, Hitler said of Simpson: "She would have made a good Queen."

Suspicions lingered that if Hitler had successfully invaded Britain, he might have tried to make the duke king again. Confidential files released in 2003 revealed that Nazi officials thought the duke was "no enemy to Germany" and would be the "logical director of England's destiny after the war".
Last year files released from the national archives revealed how a former head of British naval intelligence thought the duke's return was a real possibility. The British admiral, who had attended Hitler's 1937 Nuremberg rally, featured in an MI5 report as having said that Hitler "would soon be in this country, but that there was no reason to worry about it because he would bring the Duke of Windsor over as king".
Other royals also had links to the Nazis. Baron Gunther von Reibnitz, the father of Princess Michael of Kent, was a party member and an honorary member of the SS. And the brother of Princess Alice, a great-aunt to the Queen, was a Nazi who said that Hitler had done a "wonderful job".
Picture above: Duke of Windsor (and Robert Ley his host) greeted by Hitler, October 1937 (from David Irving's archive. Walter Hewel colelction - Hewel is standing on the steps in dark suit.)

The Rothschilds, Royals and wars bankers for the Jesuit Order and the Vatican controllers.

They acquired the name 'Wettin' from their castle on the bank of the Saale river.

So the Wettin family of Saxony were originally 'Prince-Electors'. Meaning Stewards?/Mayors of the Palace?
The Prince-Electors of the Holy Roman Empire. Each elector has his heraldic symbol above him.
-Who invested the present monarch with the legal 'right to reign' in Britain? 
This is the crucial question to understand who is in control.

The present Queen Elisabeth of England is said to have taken an Oath of allegiance to the Pope before her investiture. An oath which has a similar ring to that of the Oath of the Jesuits:

Rothschilds and the Grail Bloodline

“Jacob Rothschild, the current head of the Rothschild dynasty, has intermarried with the Sinclair family, forging an important alliance between the head family of the Illuminati, and the supposed descendants of the Grail family. As has been popularized recently by Dan Brown in the Da Vinci Code, or before him by the Holy Blood, Holy Grail, the Stuarts of Scotland are supposedly descended from King Arthur and Jesus Christ”.
(The Stuarts of Scotland were Normans...probably Jews? ....ed).
The previous name of the Rothschilds family was Bauer. Their simbol is a red shield which in German is 'roth schild'.
Rothschilds are one of the Vatican bankers. The Jesuits, said to be originally the Knights Templar, were founded by Ignatio Loyola and are controlled by Jews. Loyola himself was a Marrano Sephardic Jew, which came to mean 'Crypto' or hidden Jew

Is the Vatican itself a Jewish owned stronghold? 

Another piece of interesting information has been added by Craig Oxley that the film 'Da Vinci Code' was financed by a person called Mark Breakspear (one of the names of the Vatican owning families. Italian translation is 'Lancelotti').

Vatican Owning families

Rolf the Ganger was granted the region of Normandy and the title of Lord by Charles the Simple, King of the West Franks of Neustria, in 911, at the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, in exchange for Roman feudal alliegiance and conversion to 'the Romans' form of Christianity, at which he took the baptismal name of Robert. He was baptized in a fountain fed by a spring named in honor of Saint Clair. Rolf took as his second wifePopee, the daughter of the Berengar of Rennes, the previous Lord of Normandy. His surname was given to him to comemorate the village of Saint Clair-sur-Epte.

Who was Saint Clair?: St Clair the Hermit was beheaded in 884. No reason appears to be given but it is worth noting that there was an ongoing struggle between the (Irish) Gallican christians who had re-inseminated learning across Europe after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, and the christians called 'the Romans' (St. Paul's party of Pharasee priests) who had recently managed to obtain control of Gaul and the creation of the Holy Roman Empire under the Carolingian kingsIn 886 there was a schism in the christian church between the Patriarch Photius of Constantinople and his bishop of Rome, Nicola. see below:

Neustria was the name of Normandy before Rolf the Ganger invaded the territory, and Neustrians had been followers of the Gallican christian rule of St Columban since he arrived in the sixth century.
The Holy Roman Empire was introduced in 800 with the crowning of Charlemagne (Carlo Magno) invested by Pope Hadrian I.
(This may be the about the date (800) that Sephardic Jews began to gain a foothold in Europe?).

The Roman feudal system was introduced to Europe in 886, after a schism between Pope Photius of Constantinople, in Byzantium and his unruly bishop of Rome, Nicola. Nicola declared a 'Holy See' at Rome and gave a new name to his new separate religion. Made up of:

'The Romans' founded in AD 68? by St Paul (the Pharasee), and'The Kat-Holist party of Christians, founded at Antioch in AD44 by St. Peter who later went to Rome. St. Peter was the first apostle to use the term 'christian' for his party, which had previously been called 'The Village Essenes. (see: Dr. Barbara Thiering's work on the Dead Sea Scrolls for the Christian parties. - 1. Jesus of the Apocalypse; 2. Jesus the Man.).

So, the 'Roman' Feudal System that had first been introduced into Briton under the Roman Ceasars, was re-introduced to Britain by the 'Roman' Catholic William Saint Clair, duke of Normandy in about 1066. (using the name of an Irish saint as his 'Christian' surname. How clever!)

So the Roman Catholic church was from the outset in 866, a Pharasee priesthood, i.e. orthodox Jews.

In the 16th century, King Henry VIII broke with the Roman Catholic Church, making the English church independent. What were his reasons for doing so? Check as many as apply.

92% of you knew about the divorce.
It is true that he wanted a divorce, and the pope wouldn’t give him one.
14% of you knew about Spain’s invasion plans.
It is true that he was facing invasion from Spain, but the pope was related to the King of Spain. He needed to raise money to defend England against the Spanish Armada.
11% of you knew that Henry VIII authorized worship in English.
It is true that he wanted worship to be in English, so the people could participate and understand. (But that came after the split.)
12% of you confused Henry VIII with Elizabeth I.
It is not true that he wanted to include Protestantism within the church, to avoid the religious squabbles that were plaguing the continent and to guarantee national unity. He was a vigorous opponent of Protestantism.
4% of you did not know that Henry VIII was an ardent Roman Catholic.
It is not true that he disagreed with Roman Catholic teachings. In fact, he supported Roman Catholic teachings very strongly, especially the one about the bread and wine of the Eucharist being the literal Body and Blood of Jesus Christ.
4% of you did not know that Henry VIII couldn’t stand Martin Luther.
He was very definitely not an admirer of Martin Luther. He had even written an important theological treatise against Martin Luther.
Poor Henry! How frustrating it must be to do all that stuff and then the main thing people remember about you is, of all things, your sex life!

First of all, about the three statements that are true:

King Henry the VIII wanted a divorce because he was unable to produce a male heir. In those days, the pope routinely granted divorces to monarchs in that predicament. Since the pope was related to King Philip of Spain, who was planning to conquer England, Henry VIII figured that by denying him a divorce, the pope was denying him an heir and undermining England in favor of Spain. The pope also neglected to appoint bishops to fill vacancies in England. This drained England of cash, because if a diocese had no bishop, the church income went to Rome instead of staying in the country. So Henry VIII suspected that the pope was weakening England to prepare it for Spanish takeover. In addition, the English government, not Rome, was obligated to pay the salaries of clergy, who were in oversupply. This situation depressed the English economy and made it financially impossible for Henry VIII to build ships to defend his country against the Spanish invasion.

The break from Rome made the Archbishop of Canterbury the spiritual head of the Church of England and the king became its secular head. Henry VIII authorized the archbishop to fire the surplus clergy and to start the process of consecrating bishops to fill any vacancies. He also stopped the flow of church money to Rome. These actions revived the economy and gave him the wherewithal to build a fleet of ships to fight the Spanish Armada. As the crisis approached, Henry VIII wanted all England on its knees, praying for the safety of the nation. Therefore, he gave the Archbishop of Canterbury the task of translating the liturgy from Latin into English. The first part to be done was the Great Litany, a national prayer of repentance and deliverance. The entire nation breathlessly feared the retribution of God, until the Spanish Armada was defeated.

Second, about the statements that were not true.

Henry VIII was an staunch Roman Catholic, it’s just that he had a little problem with the pope’s politics. He tolerated no theological changes after the split from Rome. He strongly disapproved of Protestantism in general and of Martin Luther in particular. He supported transubstantiation, the Roman Catholic view of the nature of the bread and wine in the Eucharist. In happier years, before he and the pope developed political differences, he had written an essay opposing Luther’s views on the Eucharist. The pope was so delighted with the essay that he awarded Henry VIII the title Defender of the Faith. Henry VIII never changed his mind about that essay and kept the title, even after the split with Rome. The title is hereditary, and Queen Elizabeth II holds it today.

Because Henry VIII’s divorce was recognized by the Church of England, but not by the Church of Rome, it meant that any children born to him after that divorce would be illegitimate and thus ineligible to ascend to the throne under Roman Catholicism, but they would be legitimate and able to ascend to the throne if the Church of England was independent. Switching the church back and forth changed the line of succession and the entire English government! Under those circumstances, religious dissidence and political subversion were pretty much the same thing, so a lot of untoward things happened. After his death, his daughter Mary came to the throne, switched the country back to Roman Catholicism, and avenged her mother’s death in a way that earned her the epithet ‘Bloody Mary.’ After Mary’s demise, the only clear heir to the throne was Elizabeth I, who was in the line of succession that was only valid if the Church of England was independent. Fortunately for Elizabeth I, people were not thrilled with Bloody Mary’s version of Roman Catholicism, but unfortunately for her, Mary also made them skittish of female monarchs. Elizabeth I had spent a lot of time in prison during Bloody Mary’s reign. She emerged from prison in Nelson Mandela fashion, without a desire for revenge but with an insecure throne and a skeptical nation. She wanted to stabilize the country and end the sectarian strife that was tearing the country apart. So she was the one (not Henry VIII) who had the idea that the church should limit itself to essentials and should give people the freedom of their religious opinions within those boundaries. The idea was to include as many Roman Catholic sympathizers as possible and to contain the Protestant Reformation within the Church of England. At great personal risk, she largely managed to pull it off. She strengthened the unity of the nation, preserved her throne, and saved her own life. In hindsight, if Mary had been a little less vindictive, Elizabeth might not have come to the throne and England might be Roman Catholic today.